Formula for Nestling Songbirds (FoNS©): Update for 2013


  • Diane Winn PhD Avian Haven
  • Mark Finke PhD Avian Haven



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Author Biographies

Diane Winn PhD, Avian Haven

Diane Winn is the Executive Director of Avian Haven, a rehabilitation practice of approximately 1,500 birds per year, based in Freedom, Maine (Marc Payne is Co–director). She has published several peer–reviewed articles, and given numerous conference presentations, on various aspects of wild bird rehabilitation, including nestling diets and emaciation protocols.

Mark Finke PhD, Avian Haven

Mark Finke has worked in the area of comparative animal nutrition for more than 20 years and has published more than 20 peer–reviewed articles on nutrition in insects, birds, and mammals. His graduate degree reflects dual majors in nutritional sciences and entomology. Mark supports several rehabilitation groups by helping them develop diets for specific species and situations.


Finke, M., and D. Winn. 2004. Insects and Related Arthropods: A Nutritional Primer for Rehabilitators. Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation. 27(3–4): 14–27.

Winn, D. 2002. Formula for Nestling Songbirds: Investing in Fitness and Survival. Pp. 9.55–9.63 in NWRA Principles of Wildlife Rehabilitation, second edition (A. Moore and S. Joosten, editors). National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association: St. Cloud, MN.

Winn, D., and M. Finke. 2011. Formula for Nestling Songbirds (FoNS©): Options for 2011. Wildlife Rehabilitation Bulletin. 29(1): 42–43.

Winn, D., and M. Finke. 2012. Formula for Nestling Songbirds (FoNS©): Options for 2012. Wildlife Rehabilitation Bulletin. 30(1): 34–35.



How to Cite

Winn, D., & Finke, M. (2013). Formula for Nestling Songbirds (FoNS©): Update for 2013. Wildlife Rehabilitation Bulletin, 30(2), 21–23.



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