Wildlife radiology


  • Erica A. Miller Wildlife Futures Program, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA, USA




Radiograph, radiology, diagnostics, wildlife rehabilitation


Radiographs are a common, non-invasive diagnostic tool useful in many wildlife cases. This article provides a brief overview of radiology as it pertains to wildlife rehabilitation: what are x-rays and how they produce radiographs, factors to consider when purchasing equipment, safety concerns when working around x-rays, indications for taking radiographs, and restraint and positioning of the animal during the process. The reader is encouraged to use the suggested references and work with an experienced veterinarian or veterinary radiologist to practice distinguishing normal radiographs from abnormal.


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Recommended reading

OBI Veterinary Education Inc. 2021. Accessed 12/31/2021 at Additional information on safety requirements and licensing of x-ray equipment may be found at <https://www.dm.usda.gov/ohsec/rsd/xpe.htm> (list of on-line resources applicable to veterinary radiology).

X-rays. National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. Accessed on the internet 12/31/21 at https://www.nibib.nih.gov/science-education/science-topics/x-rays (easy to understand descriptions and videos about how x-rays work and some of their medical uses.

McMillan M.C. 1994. Imaging techniques. In B. Ritchie, G. Harrison, & L. Harrison (eds.): Avian Medicine: Principles and Applications. Pp. 246–326. Lake Worth, FL: Wingers Publishing, Inc.

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How to Cite

Miller, E. A. (2022). Wildlife radiology. Wildlife Rehabilitation Bulletin, 38(1), 17–27. https://doi.org/10.53607/wrb.v38.242



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