Decision Making in the Release of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises
Keywords:Chelonian, turtle, tortoise, trauma, infectious disease, translocation, reproduction
Chelonians are the most frequent reptiles presented to wildlife rehabilitators. While they are often able to recover from very severe injuries, this may be a prolonged process involving months to years of care. Major factors in deciding when and where to release rehabilitated chelonians include population demographics, extent of injuries, locality data of the specimen, infectious disease transmission, legal issues, the likelihood of future reproduction, healing ability in the wild vs. captivity, and time of year.
Belzer, B. 2002. A Nine Year Study of Eastern Box Turtle Courtship with Implications for Reproductive Success and Conservation in a Translocated Population. Turtle and Tortoise Newsletter: The Newsletter of Chelonian Conservationists and Biologists. 6: 17–26.
Berry, K. H., D. J. Morafka, and R. W. Murphy. 2002. Defining the Desert Tortoise(s): Our First Priority for a Coherent Conservation Strategy. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 4(2): 249–262.
Bonner, B. B. 2000. Chelonian Therapeutics. Pp. 257–332 in The Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice: Therapeutics (S. A. Fronefield, editor). W. B. Saunders Company: Philadelphia, PA. 3(1): 1–370.
Brown, D.R., I. M. Schumacher, G. S. McLaughlin, L. D. Wendland, M. B. Brown, P. A. Klein, and E. R. Jacobson. 2002. Application of Diagnostic Tests for Mycoplasmal Infections of Desert and Gopher Tortoises, with Management Recommendations. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 4(2): 249–262.
Congdon, J.P., A. E. Dunham, and R. C. van Leben sels. 1993. Delayed Sexual Maturity and Demographics of Blanding’s Turtles (Emydoidea blandingii): implications for conservation and management of long–lived organisms. Conservation Biology. 7(4): 826–833.
Jacobson, E. R., J. L. Behler, and J. Jarchow. 1999. Health assessment of chelonians and release into the wild. Pp. 232–242 in Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy (M. E. Fowler, ed.), W. B. Saunders Company: Philadelphia, PA.
Lee, D. S. 2002. A note on Box Turtle Reproduction. Turtle and Tortoise Newsletter: The Newsletter of Chelonian Conservationists and Biologists. 6:27.
Mitchell, M. A. 2002. Diagnosis and Management of Reptile Orthopedic Injuries. Pp. 97–114 in The Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice: Therapeutics (T . N. Tully, editor). W. B. Saunders Company: Philadelphia, PA.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association (NWRA)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The copyright for articles in this journal is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the Wildlife Rehabilitation Bulletin and NWRA. Articles published as open-access in this journal are free to use and share with proper attribution in educational and other non-commercial purposes. To obtain reprint permission for articles that are not open access, please contact the journal editor.